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National Building Code Implementation (NBCI)

Nepal has experienced large earthquakes measuring over 8.0 Richter scale in the past centuries killing thousands of people. The earthquake of January 1934 is the most destructive one with 8519 people killed and 207740 structures were damaged (Rana, 1934). The seismic record of the country seems to suggest that earthquakes of the 1934 magnitude occur approximately every 75 years. The 1988 Eastern Nepal earthquake killed 721 people and injured 6553. 20,000 buildings were damaged or collapsed including 948 schools. The damage assessment revealed that destruction of such scale was mainly due to poor construction and low level of awareness among the people. Consequently, the National Building Code Development Project was formulated in the then Department of Buildings assisted by UNDP (UNDP Project NEP/88/054). The 20 volumes draft codes with 4 levels of application were prepared in 1994. To enforce NBC, the Building Act, 1998 was promulgated but unfortunately could not be enacted due to technical difficulties. The DUDBC further added 3 volumes to the code. The whole set of 23 volumes of NBC were approved by the GoN in 2003. The building code was enforced through the Building Act, 1998 (first amendment 2007) and Building Regulation, 2008. Since then, the DUDBC has facilitated to implement the code in the various LBs.

Rationale of the Training

The preliminary survey and consultative meetings with LBs exhibits that inadequate capacity in local body and lower level of awareness at local level are major impediments for implementation of NBC. The fact has been further strengthened by the previous experiences of DUDBC especially in ERRRP programme. Further, a Training Workshop on Framework for Building Code Implementation 19‐23 May 2008 organized by DUDBC, UNCRD and NSET stressed on trainings to LB officials as pre requisites for the effective implementation of NBCs in Nepal. Accordingly, one of the components of the contract between UNDP/CDRMP and CoRD is capacity building. In this context the training has been conducted to strengthen the NBC implementation at local level.

Objectives of the Training Program:

The overall objective of the training is to enhance the capacity of the LBs officials to upgrade their understandings on overall safety of building and community at large. The specific objectives are:

  • To sensitize the local body officials about the prevailing acts, regulations and practices for NBC implementation
  • To impart technical know how on different provisions enlisted in different volumes of NBC
  • To demonstrate the process of implementation of NBC using the checklists

List Of Trainees

  1. NBCI First Trainee
  2. NBCI Second Trainee
  3. NBCI Third Trainee
  4. NBCI Fourth Trainee
  5. NBCI Fifth Trainee
  6. NBCI Sixth Trainee
  7. NBCI Seventh Trainee
  8. NBCI Eighth Trainee

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